Geography and climate

The city of Sevastopol is situated in the southwestern part of Crimea on the Herakleian Peninsula. The territory of the city is characterized by challenging terrain and uneven housing development.

The total area of the city is 1,079 square km, of which the land is 863 sq. km (12% of which are inhabited, 32.3% are agricultural zone, and 41.0% are forests and mountains), and the total territory of water bays is 216 sq. km. Altitude: from 0 to 100 m (50 m on average).

Sevastopol has a unique coastline consisting of many bays.

The climate of Sevastopol is close to subtropical one that is typical for the southern coast of Crimea. Precipitation (mm/year): precipitation during the year falls evenly - from 280 to 400 mm/s.

The average monthly temperature throughout the year is positive. The coldest month is January (with an average temperature of +1.3 C), and the warmest month is July (with an average temperature of +23.2 C). The temperature of the surface water layer of the Black Sea at the coast of Sevastopol is always above zero, and it is 22.2 C in July.

Number of sunny days in a year: 300.

Water resources: there are 42 freshwater reservoirs and 3 main rivers: Belbek (length: 63 km; water intake area: 505 sq. km), Kacha (length: 69 km; water intake area: 573 sq. km), and Chornaya  (length: 34 km; water intake area: 436 sq. km) - in the Sevastopol Region.